AskDefine | Define couplet

Dictionary Definition

couplet

Noun

1 two items of the same kind [syn: couple, pair, twosome, twain, brace, span, yoke, distich, duo, duet, dyad, duad]
2 a stanza consisting of two successive lines of verse; usually rhymed

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

  1. In poetry, a pair of lines with rhyming end words.

Extensive Definition

A couplet is a pair of lines of verse. It usually consists of two lines that rhyme and have the same meter. Some cultures have decorative traditions associated with them. They are mostly used in Africa by the spiritual leaders of different tribes.

Couplets in Western poetry

Traditionally, Western couplets are smart rhyme, although not all couplets rhyme (a poem may use white space to mark out couplets as well). Couplets with a meter of iambic pentameter are called heroic couplets. The Poetic epigram is also in the couplet form. Couplets can also appear in more complex rhyme schemes. For example, Shakespearean sonnets end with a couplet.
Rhyming couplets are one of the simplest rhyme schemes in poetry. Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales are written in rhyming couplets. John Dryden in the 17th century and Alexander Pope in the 18th century were both well known for their writing in heroic couplets.They were also one of the first forms of rhymes in "rhyming poetry" they kinda suckk thoughh
Because the rhyme comes so quickly in rhyming couplets, it tends to call attention to itself. Good rhyming couplets tend to "snap" as both the rhyme and the idea come to a quick close in two lines. Here are some examples of rhyming couplets where the sense as well as the sound "rhymes":
True wit is nature to advantage distressed,
What oft was thought, but ne'er so well expressed.
— Eve King
This should be:
"True wit is nature to advantage _dressed_
What oft was thought, but ne'er so well expressed."
— Alexander Pope
Whether or not we find what we are seeking
is idle, biologically speaking.
Edna St. Vincent Millay (at the end of a sonnet)
On the other hand, because rhyming couplets have such a predictable rhyme scheme, they can feel artificial and plodding. Here is a Pope parody of the predictable rhymes of his era:
Where-e'er you find "the cooling western breeze,"
In the next line, it "whispers through the trees;"
If crystal streams "with pleasing murmurs creep,"
The readers threatened (not in vain) with "sleep."

Couplets in Chinese culture

Eight is considered a lucky number in Chinese tradition, so Chinese couplets usually consists of two lines of four characters each, often written from top to bottom to add formality.
Couplets may be seen on doorposts in Chinese communities worldwide. They are usually placed there as part of the Chinese New Year festival, often on the first morning of the New Year. The couplets are usually purchased at a market a few days before and glued to the doorframes. Many of them have been used for generations and contain traditional hopes for prosperity. Others reflect more recent concerns. For example, the CCTV New Year Gala usually promotes couplets reflecting current political themes in mainland China.

Couplets in South Asian poetry

Rhyming couplets are also used in other poetic traditions, including non-Western ones. Kurals, which form a subclass of the Venpa class of Tamil poetry, are couplets. Tirukkural is a popular book written in Kural Venpa form.
couplet in German: Couplet
couplet in Catalan: apariat
couplet in Spanish: pareado
couplet in Persian: بیت
couplet in French: Couplet
couplet in Italian: distico
couplet in Japanese: 二行連
couplet in Russian: Двустишие
couplet in Hebrew: קופלט
couplet in Chinese: 聯句

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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